Thursday, September 29, 2011
Reduced lung or pneumonia is an acute infection of lung tissue, such as the alveolar space and the space between the alveoli. Interstitial. And because one of the many possible causes: bacteria, viruses, fungi, and can occur through inhalation of dust content, chemical irritants, food or back (desire).
Description of Disease
The difference between the so-called pneumonia the doctor today. Typical and atypical bacteria, because they require different treatment. Bacterial pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria as follows: pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. Atypical pneumonia, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella and bacteria caused by respiratory viruses. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the center of a small (family), (collectively, and the kids at school) and large (city and region) typical causes of atypical pneumonia epidemic. Outbreaks can occur on a fairly regular basis, every 4-6 years. Outbreaks usually begin in the fall, grow slowly, taking several months, until spring. Usually ill students and young adults. Pneumonia is usually more frequent, sometimes severe in men than women. Respiratory viruses is a common cause of pneumonia in children (especially children under five).
Young people over 65 years had an increased risk of pneumonia. Pneumonia in the elderly is very serious, often fatal. In winter, frequent colds and viral respiratory infections, often preceded by pneumonia. Risk groups including children who are very young, their immune system is still immature. People who have a compromised defense (immune) system such as AIDS, chronic heart or lung disease or spleen removed because of various diseases have a higher acceptance of disease, chemotherapy or immunotherapy rather than long-term risk. Smoking damages the channel alcohol, respiratory reduce defensive white blood cells, anti-inflammatory effect.
Typical symptoms are cough, usually associated with mucus (sputum), fever, sometimes chest pain. Symptoms usually develop within a few days, sometimes with inflammation (pleurisy) pleura.
Bacterial pneumonia usually develops after an upper respiratory infection. Usually sudden onset, chills and shaking again. They feature the following characters: followed by fever, abdominal breathing in sputum and coughing makes the ipsilateral (purulent or worse), shortness of breath, chills. Many patients, especially those who are elderly, symptoms can be dangerous. Elderly patients may be only one of the following symptoms: confusion, fever, cough, fatigue, or have a special public (delirium).
Atypical pneumonia is usually slow, quiet performance of the bacteria, because the clinical symptoms gradually. Temperature gradually increased, and growing high-value, but few have the chills. Often referred to as a. Common symptoms - headaches, muscle aches and joint pain, malaise, fatigue, and sometimes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Cough is usually observed after 3-4 days, and regularly nadražajan dry, without the possibility of mucus. Why then nekarakterističnih diagnosis symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, often after X-ray of the lungs. Pneumonia virus usually does not differ, but the signs and disease, the results are similar to symptoms of atypical pneumonia.
What can I do to check?
Although most of the pneumonia is not life threatening disease and should not be confused with pneumonia, colds or flu. When you cough or fever, longer duration, please consult with a physician. NOTE: If you can not explain the behavior found in the elderly confused. Doctors sometimes cause pneumonia, but according to the interview (history) and clinical examination. During the examination, a doctor's stethoscope to listen to the lungs, they can hear the sound, the hum appears that the presence of fluid in the alveoli to. This sounds typical pneumonia. Your doctor may ask, heart and lungs, the site of infection, to determine the X-ray. He will be the number of blood tests and white blood cell (WBC) and the type of deposition rates, modify, add survey to determine the value of infection. Sometimes you microbe-specific antibodies, or isolated from sputum samples taken from potential pathogens.
Treatment depends on the possible causes and symptoms of disease severity.
Bacterial pneumonia, such as penicillin, macrolides (azithromycin), cephalosporin antibiotics. Although immediately after the treatment began experiencing significant improvement, you must complete the required antibiotics to take. Premature withdrawal could lead to relapse, and even lead to the emergence of drug-resistant bacterial species.
Atypical pneumonia. Although the pneumonia virus can use some form of anti-viral drugs (antibiotics have no effect on viruses), is a large fluid and rest. Sometimes it takes longer to viral and bacterial pneumonia from the patient's rehabilitation.
Atypical pneumonia with antibiotics to treat pneumonia caused by Microplasma. More common in children and adults of azithrom once daily for 3 days. This requires several weeks to recover fully. In addition, the main mode of treatment, your doctor is the supply of some non-prescription drugs, which are used such as fever, muscle pain, to reduce and relieve cough symptoms. If there is cough with phlegm, we must avoid drugs that inhibit cough. Coughing is a natural defense mechanism to the lungs.
Prognosis depends on the overall health status, and type of severe pneumonia. In young, healthy, this treatment is similar to taking antibiotics and resting at home. However, due to pneumonia, poor chronic pain, can be life-threatening diseases. A way of life-threatening pneumonia, lung full of inflammatory substances, preventing normal breathing. Another way is when bacteria from the blood of lung maturity, so that a condition called bacteremia. Through the blood, bacteria in each organ, causing as meningitis (inflammation of the meninges) is a very serious situation.
Although infectious pneumonia in addition to some of the reasons the disease is usually "no take" someone else. Pneumonia is the result of their weakened immune systems. Here are some tips that can help strengthen your body.
• all people 65 years younger chronically ill patients who require special protection, vaccinations. Flu vaccine each fall to do. Vaccines against pneumococcal disease provides longer protection and revaccination is recommended every five years. People suffering from pneumonia vaccine spleen.
• wash your hands. During the day, their hands come into contact with potential agents of pneumonia. To reduce exposure to these microorganisms, wash hands frequently.
• Do not smoke. Smoking damages the respiratory tract's natural defenses against infection.
• Take care of yourself. Adequate rest, good nutrition and moderate exercise can help strengthen the immune system.
Posted by Franjo at 8:00 AM