Colo-rectal Cancer (colon cancer), a serious health problem in the Western countries. The third cause of correctional cancer in men (after prostate and lung cancer) and women (breast and lung cancer) and death in cancer. Because of the different historical, of, are included in the treatment of Colo-rectal carcinoma. 2.5 times more common than colon cancer. Anal cancer occurs in a 12-15 cm, the cancer is.
Who is the risk?
Any special reasons for people suffering from colon cancer. Colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and colon cancer risk factors, disorders related to the immune system with the development of different forms of cancer family history of polyps in other parts of the body. Relative to the duration of the risk of developing colorectal cancer in inflammatory bowel disease, the first decade of the second decade of the 20% to about 3%, the third decade of life, > 30. The colon and rectum, cancer, only that 15% of the deaths from cancer as a result of cancer, lung cancer, because the cause of death, more and more. Between men and women in 1000 in the incidence of colorectal cancer incidence in the two most common colon cancer is very common for d'before women (1.1: 1) and colorectal cancer than men (1, which together,, 3: 1). The risk of colorectal cancer after 40 years. 60-65 the most common people. Age. Genes in our cells, the genetic characteristics of these sounds. Some forms of cancer patients with colorectal cancer mutation. Cancer cells, these genes can be detected by tests for the development of work. Dietary fat and cholesterol with a higher risk for colon cancer. Instead, they have a diet with plenty of fiber, grains, wheat bran, vegetables, yellow and green, and is supposed to protect. They are heavy and bile acids and fatty acids to the strengthening of the intestinal cells, as well as, calcium and prevent calcium-rich foods, the effect is said to prevent cancer, to stimulate production.
What are the symptoms?
• diarrhea or other changes in the gut, about 10 days
• bloody feces,
• Unexplained anemia
• pain in the lower abdomen and sensitivity,
• bowel obstruction
• Weight loss.
Other characteristics of the relationship in may:
• anal nodules,
• bloating, gas.
In the early stages of colon cancer, the patient is asymptomatic or causes of stomach ulcers or gallbladder vague abdominal pain, bloating, of a complaint. Or rectal bleeding, without a change in the intestinal system, as well as a small, often denied and/or as a result of hemorrhoids or other benign diseases. The left colon tumors are usually constipation and diarrhea, abdominal pain and obstructive symptoms of nausea and vomiting, as an alternative. Fuzzy on the right side of the colon cancer, abdominal pain, cramps can be caused by a variety of pain on the left created obstructive lesions. Severe blood loss, anemia, fatigue, weight loss and an abdominal mass is also associated with cancer may be the result of the right column. Symptoms of colon cancer, Hobby, incomplete defecation, sense of change in the bleeding and cramps.
If doctors are looking for?
Cancer patients, 50 or more of the development is more likely to be screened on a regular basis. Changes in stool or rectal bleeding, your doctor, there are tests that can determine whether the cancer cells. In general, you must first be a rectal toucher. Digital rectal exam when the doctor a thin layer of rubber gloves, rectal bumps, as the gentle movements of your finger to lubricate. Doctors of the rectum, where there is no blood test you have. Contact proctosygmodiscop sygmodiscop doctors and colorectal can be said that less than a special instrument. These views are called proctoscopie, was found half of the colon and rectum. By examining the patient the experience of feeling the pressure, but usually not a problem. If you take a traditional, as doctors found cancerous cells to determine whether the samples are microscopically examined. It's called a biopsy.
Treatment programmes for all patients with cancer of the colon. Treated in three ways:
• Surgery (removal of cancer)
(X, using the high-of ray or other high energy radiation to kill cancer cells) • Radio therapy
• chemotherapy (drugs, destroy cancer cells).
Surgery is a common method for the treatment of all stages of the Colorectal carcinoma. Of a very early stage of the cancer is detected, doctors can be removed from the stomach into the verse, without the cancer. In this case, the intestine through a tube into the rectum and the tumor is less. This is a local excision (cutting) is called. Stand there is a small button (polips) in the presence of cancer, the operation is called polips. If the doctors of the tumor and healthy tissue, a small part of the cancer (colon or intestines), remove the surrounding areas. After the health of the colon (anastomose), connected. The doctors also have a colon and to determine whether they remove the cancer cells to the lymph nodes near the micro-analysis. As a doctor to the intestine, the body, such as the opening of the waste from the body. It's called a colostomy. Sometimes the only escape from the intestinal tract after a colostomy was, to the healing. But it may happen, doctors must remove the colostomy, a permanent decline. That patients should wear a colostomy bag for a special storage of waste from the body. This special glue a small hole in the skin to adhere to the bag can be thrown away after use. There are no bags underneath clothing, most people. Especially in the treatment of colorectal cancer, tumors resection (removal) is based. Disease, tumor location (colon or the rectum), and radiation, depending on the stage, and other treatments, with or without local or systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy. the prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options, disease stage (internal or colon cancer spread to other places), and depending on the overall health of the patient. Treatment, blood tests (to the amount of Antigen in the blood or the carcinogenic eritrocites measure) or go to x-ray examination of the cancer come back later.
Prevention of possible causal factors, there is no specific prevention. The effect of early detection, prognosis and improved survival. The American Cancer Society recommends that if the annual fecal occult blood, rectal toucher and flexible, with no risk factors for asymptomatic patients under the age of 50 years and then each year after the age of 40 years, sigmoidoscopy 3-5 years. An agent can prevent colorectal cancer is the most studied antioxidants β-carotene, vitamin C and E, calcium, and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin.